The anatomy of giraffes has unique characteristics as up to 19.5 feet in height, 3,000 pounds in weight and a neck that despite reaching up to two meters in length, … The zoo says the only other animal to have them is the okapi, which is the only living relative of the giraffe. View Images Female giraffes give birth standing up, so the young giraffe starts its life by falling more than 5 feet to the ground. While female ossicones are often tiny and tufted, male giraffes naturally have broader and larger ossicones that become barren on top as an outcome of systematic necking. Giraffes have thick, sticky saliva, which coats any thorns they might swallow. Spending most of the day eating, giraffe consumes over 100 pounds (45 kilograms) predominantly feeding on the leaves and buds of trees and shrubs. Ossicones are covered in skin and fur like the rest of the giraffe’s body. What colour is it. Their neck alone can be 6 feet long, which is taller than the average man and can weigh up to 600 pounds. With their unique spots, long tongues and crazy legs, here are 10 awesome giraffe facts! We've complied these fun facts about giraffes for you to find out more! Acacia trees host their favorite leaves. In the nursery, the calves develop physical and social skills through play. However, there is only one species of giraffe currently recognized with nine subspecies. voice box), but rarely use it. Their height gives them an advantage over other African herbivores, as they can reach the high branches for young leaves. A giraffe’s spots are much like human fingerprints. In arid grasslands, the giraffes there eat Acacia lea… Googleusercontent search. It’s hard to say for sure and where giraffe are concerned, nobody knows for sure. And a giraffe’s lungs can hold 12 gallons of air. Giraffes are the tallest land animals. Species: | camelopardalis. Giraffes are shot or snared for their meat, hide, bone marrow, and tail hair. Its rhinos have been wiped out, and elephants have suffered huge losses. How many of them did you know? There is a systemic (main) heart. Ossicones are horn-like or antler-like protuberances on the heads of giraffes, male okapis, and their extinct relatives, such as Sivatherium, and the climacoceratids, such as Climacoceras. Both female and male giraffe have a main pair of ossicones. How much do giraffe eat in a day? They have a small hump on their back like a camel and have a spotted pattern similar to that of a leopard. How many bones does a giraffe have in its neck? Giraffes can also run very fast, around 35 mph, for short distances. The long and powerful neck of giraffes is their most characteristic feature, measuring up to 6.5 feet in length and formed by seven cervical vertebrae as in other mammals, including the human being, but with the difference that each of vertebrae has a large size reaching up to 11 inches. Some of your most frequently asked questions answered, Twiga Tracker – Using modern technology to save giraffe and their habitat, Environmental Education for Namibia’s future. Each member of the herd can leave the group at will. Both male and female giraffes have two distinct, hair-covered horns called ossicones. A study published in the scientific journal Current Biology in 2016 argues that there are four species of giraffes. About an hour after birth, the calf can already start to stand up and walk. Brachiosaurus is one of … For example, the reticulated giraffe, found only in northern Kenya, has a fark coat with a web of narrow white lines, while the Masai giraffe, also found in Kenya, has a pattern that looks similar to oak leaves. A giraffe's heart is 2 feet (0.6 meters) long and weighs about 25 pounds (11 kilograms), and its lungs can hold 12 gallons (55 liters) of air!The giraffe's chief distinguishing characteristics are its extremely long neck and legs, its horn-like ossicones, and its distinctive coat patterns. Source: The San Diego Zoo and NATURE’s Giraffe Resources, Preventing Future Pandemic: Combating Emerging Disease Threats in the Andean Amazon, Educate all people on how and why to protect giraffes, Support sustainable agriculture and settlement practices near giraffe habitats, Reforest key areas with acacia trees that provide giraffes’ main food source, Stop the poaching of giraffes for their tails, considered status symbols, Solve hunger in areas like Sudan where impoverished villagers eat giraffe meat, Reverse climate change that’s causing rising temperatures and widespread drought in Africa. Giraffes can be found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. How long is a giraffe’s tongue? Interestingly male giraffes often have thicker ossicones than females, which become bald on top due to frequent necking. Each and every vertebra can take to the measure of 10 inches. Giraffe’s ‘horns’ are called ossicones and are not made of bone. While female ossicones are often thin and tufted, male giraffe normally have thicker ossicones that become bald on top as a result of frequent necking. Within a week, it starts to sample vegetation. A giraffe will spend most of its day eating. While these trees have long thorns, which prevent most animals from eating them, giraffes use their long tongues and prehensile lips to reach around the thorns. Why are their numbers declining? We use MailerLite as our marketing automation platform.

Animals. Female giraffes give birth standing up, so the young giraffe starts its life by falling more than 5 feet to the ground. Opt in to receive news and updates. We promise not to clutter your inbox. The same goes for its Kordofan giraffes, one of Africa’s nine giraffe subspecies. Most giraffe have 2 ossicones, but some males may have up to 5. Phylum: | Chordata They are native to many African countries, such as Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Angola, and South Africa. Evolution, taxonomy and scientific classification. A giraffe’s coat color can range from light tan to nearly black, depending on what the giraffe eats and where it lives. As a male matures, calcium deposits begin to form on his skull to protect it when he head-butts with other males. Being vascularized, the ossicones may have a role in thermoregulation, and are also used in combat between males. Giraffes and okapi giraffes, the animals, cud, digestion interesting facts about giraffes. The GCF Gift Shop has official t-shirts, tote bags, and more items. Ossicones – bony extensions of their skulls that are covered in skin. How many giraffe are there and are they ‘Endangered’? 13. Male giraffes use their horns to sometimes fight with other males. © 2020 Giraffe Conservation Foundation. They are very unique to the giraffe and you only find them and one other species (more info further down). Though most of the mammals have only 7 in number. What does their diet consist of? Giraffes only need 5 to 30 minutes of sleep in a 24-hour period! Baby giraffes often have alot of hair on their occicones, and have amazingly long eyelashes too. Male giraffe fight each other for dominance by swinging their heads into each other’s flanks, which is why their ossicones are bald! What do giraffes use their horns for? The blood pressure of a giraffe is 280/180 mm Hg, which is fairly high, and their hearts can beat up to 170 times per minute. Aside from humans, crocodiles and lions are giraffe’s only predators. By clicking below to submit this form, you acknowledge that the information you provide will be transferred to MailerLite for processing in accordance with their Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. These nine subspecies of giraffe vary in coat patterns and live in different parts of Africa. When a calf gets older, the mother leaves her youngster together with other calves in a “nursery.” One of the moms stays to babysit while the others go out to eat and socialize. Habitat loss and the overgrazing of resources by livestock are among the largest threats. Each giraffe’s markings are as individual as human fingerprints. Like most artiodactyls, giraffes are sexually dimorphic—that is, males are significantly bigger than females, and the "ossicones" atop their heads have a slightly different appearance. Giraffes have 2 ossicones on top of their heads; those of the female are smaller than those of the male. The young giraffes can eat leaves at the age of four months, but continue to nurse until they are six to nine months old. However, due to their size, giraffes do not hide from these predators. For every 6 inches increase in the length of a giraffe's neck, the muscles in the heart increase by another 0.2 inches. Giraffes are fairly quiet beings: They do have a larynx (a.k.a. Male giraffe usually have bald tops on their ossicones, whereas females have furry tufts. In some species males grow a second pair of ossicones behind the first pair, as well as prominent ossicone in front of the main pair. Kingdom: | Animalia Proudly wear your support for GCF! Ossicones are covered in skin and fur like the rest of the giraffe’s body. If you liked these, make sure to check out more animal facts here, and maybe you'll have a right gi-laugh at our giraffe … Appearance is a reliable guide to the sex or age of a giraffe: the ossicones of females and young are thin and display tufts of hair on top, whereas those of … Giraffes hit sexual maturity between 3 and 5 years old. Do giraffes have two hearts? The giraffe is a herbivorous browser, meaning it consumes bushy and woody plants. Help save giraffe. Giraffes are so big that … You will not be subscribed until we receive your confirmation. When a calf is born, it is born feet first, followed by the head, neck, and shoulders. During their first few years, an exuberant fight may mean that one or both ossicones may be bent out of shape by the force of the impact and this will remain with them for life once the cartilage has hardened. The record running speed of a giraffe is 34.7 miles per hour. Giraffes can be found in African savannas, grasslands and woodlands. At the San Diego Zoo, there is a giraffe-feeding patio where biscuits can be purchased and fed to the giraffes. Another major threat is poaching. It has been argued that these extinct species did not have true ossicones; however, later research has revealed their ossicones to be in line with those of giraffids. Genus: | Giraffa At this height, a giraffe can look into a second-story window. Giraffes have two horns on the top of their head called ossicones. They are able to protect themselves from predators by staying in groups, as it makes it more challenging for the predator. These horns, called ossicones, are not truly horns, but are made of bone and covered with skin and hair. Giraffes usually only have a single baby, born after a 15-month gestation period. Both male and female giraffes have two distinct, hair-covered horns called ossicones. Giraffes only need to drink once every several days because they get most of their water from the luscious plants they eat. Both males and females have ossicones. The heart of a giraffe is 2 feet long, and it weighs 24 pounds on average.

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