Isabela continues to be under the jurisdiction of Basilan for the administration of provincially devolved services and functions, but for the administration of regional services, the city is part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region while the rest of Basilan is under the authority of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. They soon allied themselves with the Sulu Sultanate. It is standing in the magnificent height of 2, 954 meters above sea level. DAVAO CITY (MindaNews/29 August) – From 27 provinces and 33 cities in 2008, Mindanao is back to having only 25 provinces and 27 cities with the Supreme Court reiterating its November 18, 2008 decision declaring unconstitutional the cityhood laws converting 16 towns into cities, six of them in Mindanao. 742 as amended by Presidential Decree No. The region is divided into the provinces of Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao Occidental, Davao del Sur, and Davao de Oro; plus the highly urbanized Davao City. Two years after Japanese occupation (1942–44), the Philippines gained independence but inherited two major security threats from the communist-led Huk rebels in the north of Luzon and the Moro secessionist rebels in southern Mindanao. [6], In 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed EO No. In the 14th century, the Sultanate of Sulu ruled the southwestern sections of the peninsula. Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines the six Mindanao provinces that are considered as among the most competitive in the country during a program overview for the Southern Mindanao industrial tour held recently at the Park Inn Radisson Hotel in Davao City. Southern Mindanao had a median age of 20 years. Zamboanga was one of the main strongholds in Mindanao, supporting colonizing efforts in the south of the island and making way for Christian settlements. 8233 dated August 21, 1975. Before the Marcos era, the region, with its fertile soils, abundant rainfall and sunshine, was one of the world's leading producers of several cash crops such as abaca (Manila hemp), sugar, and coconut. A large chunk of the Spanish-Moro Conflict, the war between the Spanish invaders and Mindanao's Muslim natives took place in the Zamboanga Peninsula. Lake Sebu In the same year, the residents of Basilan opted to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) in a plebiscite. The island Mindanao, about the size of INDIANA, occupies about a third of the Philippines's total area. It was silent on the issue of regional government centers. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos, that was signed on September 24, 1972.[2]. Zamboanga City is the only Independent, chartered city and highly urbanized city in the region. The Mindanao group to the south consists of some 400 islands. Northern Mindanao is a region of the Philippines, composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin. From 1975 to 1989, the old Region IX (Western Mindanao) was further divided into two sub-regions by Presidential Decree No. Mindanao is surrounded by four seas: the Sulu Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the south, and the Mindanao Seato the north. It provides instruction and professional training in the fields of science and technology, particularly agriculture and industry. The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States brought more condemnation of the MILF, which is alleged to have close links to al Qaeda, thus weakening both domestic and international support for the long-drawn struggle of the Muslim rebel groups. … The island is mountainous, and is home to Mount Apo, the highest mountain in the country. Davao Region (Region XI), formerly Southern Mindanao, is located in the southeastern portion of Mindanao. In 1995, the median age was 19 years. It sees few foreign travellers, but does get more than its fair share of weekending Davaoeños. check the entire PH map that consists of 3 big group of islands. [5], In 1996, President Fidel Ramos issued EO No. It also has the largest airport and seaport and the city in the region with most investors. It is situated at the southeastern portion of Mindanao and comprises five provinces: Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, and Davao Occidental. ARMM and peace deal with the MNLF “Apo” means grandfather, so Mount Apo means Grandfather of Philippine Mountains. MINDANAO, THE SECOND-largest island (36,537 square mi or 94,630 square km) in the Republic of the PHILIPPINES, is one of the three groups of over 7,100 islands in the country, the other two being LUZON and Visayas. In 2017, the seat of Basilan's government was moved to Lamitan. By the late 15th century and early 16th century, Malay missionaries further spread Islam in the southern Philippines. It covers 5 provinces, namely, Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental, as well as 2 highly urbanized cities. On June 6, 1952, the province was partitioned into Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, while the chartered city of Zamboanga became an independent, extraprovincial unit. [6][7] Memorandum Circular No. 325 which reorganized the Regional Development Councils (RDCs). It also has an affluent Chinese community that officially celebrates the Chinese Lunar New Year.[14]. On March 3, 2011, the Regional Development Council IX endorsed Zamboanga as the regional center of Zamboanga Peninsula. The region encloses the Davao Gulf and its regional center is Davao City. Moro, any of several Muslim peoples of Mindanao, Palawan, the Sulu Archipelago, and other southern islands of the Philippines. Among its non-metallic reserves are coal, silica, salt, marble, silica sand, and gravel. In 2004, Pagadian officially became the Regional Center for Region XVI- Zamboanga Peninsula, despite opposition from Zamboanga City, the former Regional Center. I could say almost all of the areas in luzon and visayas are safe but when it comes to mindanao it's like 15 to 20% of the area is unsafe. Additional cases have also been identified in some northern provinces, the Department of Agriculture said. During the ancient era, the Zamboanga peninsula was a vast territory home to various ethnic groups - the largest of which was the Subanen people. However, the departments of Trade and Industry, Tourism, and Labor and Employment will remain in Zamboanga City, being the region's center of commerce and industry. Although much of Mindanao is sheltered by highlands, a typhoon is quite common during the peak rainy period (June to October). Philippine Region XI, Southern Mindanao, comprises five provinces: the three larger, Davao Oriental, Davao, and Davao del Sur, clustering around the Davao Gulf, and the two smaller, Sarangani and South Cotabato, sharing Sarangani Bay. Its home industries include rattan and furniture craft, basket making, weaving and brass work. Luzon (upper island) Visayas (middle) Mindanao (southern). Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 4,689,302. The Mindanao group to the south consists of some 400 islands. Spanish occupation lasted over three centuries until 1898, when SPAIN signed a treaty passing control of the Philippines to the UNITED STATES. While the Spanish settlers successfully established churches in the region, they suffered heavily at the hands of Moro raiders, and had to repeatedly withdraw from the region. Named after Queen Isabella II, the city is the southernmost predominantly Christian enclave of the Philippines, and serves as an entry point for trade and commerce of Basilan island. It is situated in between Davao City, Davao del Sur and Cotabato Provinces in the island of Mindanao. philippine provinces - mindanao I have visited all 82 Philippine provinces (including Metro Manila, which is actually a region, but is often included in the list of provinces). For the non-Muslims and the moderate Muslim nationalists, this may bode well for the future of the island, which can begin to lay arms and start concentrating with greater resolve on its neglected economic development programs based on the rich natural endowments of the region. Zamboanga Peninsula comprises 3 provinces, 1 independent, chartered and highly urbanized, 1 independent, chartered city, 3 component cities, 67 municipalities and 1,904 barangays. Hence, the authors conducted a study to analyze the lithological properties of aquifers in selected provinces in Southern Mindanao (Region 11) by using the GIS-Arc View software. Philippines: Mindanao Contents: Provinces, Cities and Municipalities The population of … Along the shores of the peninsula are numerous bays and islands of varying sizes. [4], Executive Order (EO) No. Its highest point is on Mount Apo, which is 20 mi (32 km) to the west of Davao, often described as the world's largest city in terms of land area (943.5 square mi or 2,443.6 square km). 2. 36 which reorganized and renamed Western Mindanao to Zamboanga Peninsula. Davao City had the highest median age of 22 years, followed by the province of Davao del Norte with 21 years. In 1569 Zamboanga was chosen as the site of the Spanish settlement and garrison on La Caldera (now called Barrio Recodo). Its highest point is on Mount Apo, which is 20 mi (32 km) to the west of Davao, often described as the world's largest city in terms of land area (943.5 square mi or 2,443.6 square km). This is the most popular destination in Mindanao for mountain climbers. It was the site of constant battling between Spanish soldiers and Moro pirate raids. 75, signed in 2004 by Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita, directed the transfer of regional offices from Zamboanga City to Pagadian citing EO 429 as its legal basis. This article is about the administrative region. Later on, the southern coastal areas of the region was under the influence of the Javanese Majapahit Empire, although the empire never did conquer the area. Making Peace in Deeply Divided Societies: the Case of Mindanao in the southern Philippines Jose Mikhail Perez [i]. Due to widespread After the United States annexed the Spanish East Indies in 1898, the Peninsula hosted a briefly independent state called the Republic of Zamboanga. The Muslim natives of the region were collectively known as Moros by the Spanish, meaning "Moor", though the Iberian Moors and the Philippine Muslims had little cultural connection outside of following Islam. High, ru… Mindanao has a long history of political developments beginning with the arrival of Ferdinand MAGELLAN in 1521, which led to colonial rule in 1565. Davao Region, formerly called Southern Mindanao (Cebuano: Habagatang Mindanao; Tagalog: Rehiyon ng Davao), is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region XI. The region has vast forest resources and previously used to export logs, lumber, veneer and plywood. 36 on August 12, 2015. [3] Sub-Region IX-A consisted of Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi with Jolo, Sulu, as the sub-regional center, while Sub-Region IX-B consisted of the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay, with the chartered city of Zamboanga City as the sub-regional centre. In 1996, the government under President Fidel Ramos initiated a dialogue that led to the signing of a peace agreement providing for self-rule for Muslims in the southern Philippines. 325 also declared Pagadian City as the regional center in Western Mindanao. 1555 transferred Region IX's regional center from Jolo, Sulu to Zamboanga City. Mindanao lies in a zone of earthquakes and volcanic activity with an irregular, long winding coastline interspersed with numerous peninsulas, promontories, and bays some of which are very large and picturesque. The decline is attributed to banana plantations in Davao Province that have not yet fully recovered after being levelled by Typhoon Pablo in December 2012. 429 was issued in 1990 by President Corazon Aquino which provided for the reorganization of the administrative regions in Mindanao. It hosted Catholic residents since 1637, and a Spanish Fort (destroyed in World War II) since 1848, It also was the primary naval base of the Spanish in Mindanao until 1899. The economic fulcrum of the region lies at the center of the peninsula that is the area connecting Ipil and Liloy. GenSan (Gen. Santos) covers a total area of 536sq.km. It has the first export-processing zone in Mindanao. It declared that Western Mindanao would comprise Zamboanga City, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Basilan, and the cities comprising those provinces. The 50-kilometer link between the north and the south would act as the main artery of economy in the region. It also declared that Pagadian City shall serve as the new regional center. Pagadian is known as the "Little Hong Kong of the South" because of its topographical feature that is reminiscent of Hong Kong. The four provinces were the only Muslim-majority provinces at the time. A spike in COVID-19 cases in several provinces in Southern Tagalog, northern Luzon and Mindanao has prompted the national task force temporarily overseeing the government response to … The name and status of Moro Province were changed to the Department of Mindanao and Sulu on August 16, 1916, causing Zamboanga to become a separate province. The university was founded by Bai Hadja Fatima Matabay Plang, an educator and philanthropist. The region also produces banana, pineapple, coffee, pineapple, palm oil, and cotton for export, besides supplying the locally popular durian and flowers for the domestic market. The latter group became notorious after a number of kidnapping incidents involving both local and foreign victims, including the well-publicized kidnapping of 21 foreign tourists on the island of Sipadan on April 23, 2000, and another episode involving six workers on an eco-farm resort in Lahad Datu, Sabah, on October 5, 2003. Mindanao is the only geographical area of the Philippines with a significantly large Muslim presence. Southern Mindanao Zion Temple Assembly of God Church, Park Mabuhay Malanda, Malungon, 9503 Sarangani Province Central Assembly of God Church, Poblacion Malungon, 9503 Sarangani Province Mineral deposits include gold, chromite, coal, iron, lead, and manganese. It has also aqua farms for brackish water and freshwater fishes. Its fishing grounds are devoted to commercial and municipal fishing. The Provinces of Mindanao are: Agusan Del Norte: The capital city of Agusan Del Norte province is City Of Cabadbaran Agusan Del Sur: The capital of Agusan Del Sur province is Prosperidad Basilan: The capital city of Basilan province is City Of Isabela Bukidnon: The capital city … The University of Southern Mindanao, formerly Mindanao Institute of Technology, is a university in the Southern Philippines. Davao Region consists of four provinces, namely: Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Sur. 11 was issued on December 22, 2010 citing the high economic and social costs that the employees were experiencing in maintaining two residences and in fully transferring to Pagadian. It has the fastest economic activity of the region. Dakak Park and Beach Resort can be found in Dapitan it is one of the most visited places in the region along with Gloria's Fantasyland the first and only theme park in Vismin. The Sultanate also occupied the entire island except present-day Caraga region and eastern portions of Davao region, stretching from the Zamboanga Peninsula to modern-day Davao City, while the Sultanate of Sulu lost its territories in Zamboanga. The region consists of the three Zamboanga provinces and the highly urbanized independent city of Zamboanga, and the boundary between the peninsula and mainland is artificially marked by the border between the provinces of Zamboanga del Sur and Lanao del Norte. The city of Zamboanga was designated as the regional center until Pagadian was designated as its new regional center, although Zamboanga City remains the region's cultural, economic, and educational center. It further directed all regional offices that are already in Pagadian to continue their operations.[9]. The average annual rainfall in the lowlands is about 80 in (203 cm). The island Mindanao, about the size of INDIANA , occupies about a third of the Philippines's total area. Davao Region / Southern Mindanao, designated as Region XI,[1] is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao. Mindanao is the second-largest island in the Philippines at 97,530 square kilometres (37,660 sq mi), and is the eighth-most populous island in the world. 773 transferring the regional center of Region IX from Jolo to Zamboanga City", "RDC chooses Zamboanga City as regional center of Region 9", "A Resolution Endorsing Zamboanga City as the location of Regional Center of Region IX", "NEDA: Zamboanga City will grow sans Regional Center", "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities", National Statistical Coordination Board: REGION IX (Zamboanga Peninsula), BARMM – Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zamboanga_Peninsula&oldid=990959618, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:18. Geographical Features The land features of the region include vast plains, rolling hills and rugged mountains. If you guys wondering if it's safe to travel in the philippines I could say yes. Mindanao Mindanao is an island in the Philippines, the southernmost major island in the country and the second largest, after Luzon.Mindanao has an elevation of 664 metres. It also declared that Pagadian City shall serve as the new regional center. Welcome to Southern Mindanao The area around Davao is ripe for adventures, from climbing Mt Apo and hiking opportunities in the Compostela Valley to exploring the long coastline, both north and south of the city, plus several offshore islands. The region was previously known as Western Mindanao before the enactment of Executive Order No. Shortly thereafter, the government held only four provinces as only Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-tawi voted to be included in the ARMM. Zamboanga City generates more than half of the economy of the region. The rainy season stretches from May to November which is the summer monsoon, while the dry season lasts throughout December to April. This is a gallery of pictures taken in each of the 82 provinces. While the agreement ended three decades of rebellion that claimed over 120,000 lives, minor skirmishes are still faced by government security forces from two other groups outside the MNLF: the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Abu Sayyaf. Last 21 January 2019, the provinces that make up the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) voted in favor of creating a new autonomous region known as the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) with a huge turnout of … They have their nature spots and historical spots, such as Dipolog Cathedral, Dipolog Boulevard, Cogon Park, Japanese Park, Magsaysay Park, the Sungkilaw Falls, and the 3000 steps to Linabo Peak. The long years of political turmoil have left Mindanao, especially the four MNLF-controlled southern provinces, with widespread disruption to the infrastructure, public services and the economy, causing the average income of the local population in the region to drop to less than half of the national average. [10][11] This endorsement remains unacted to date. Isabela is a component city and the former capital of the province of Basilan. 11 (issued by previous administration), allowing the remaining regional offices to transfer to Pagadian after almost 15 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 20 years old. In 1942, the Zamboanga Peninsula along with the rest of the Philippine Islands was occupied by the Empire of Japan at the beginning of the Second World War. Isabela was the southernmost outpost of the Spanish in the Philippines until the fall of Jolo in 1878. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro City. Region XI or Southern Mindanao is composed of seven provinces. As a tropical island, Mindanao has a mean annual temperature of 80 degrees F (27 degrees C) and a relative humidity of 77 percent. While the Spanish achieved a tactical victory by launching several attacks against the Sultanate of Sulu, constant fighting and attacks persisted, giving the Moros a psychological victory. Magauindanao's sultans provided Mindanao fierce armed resistance against the Spanish occupation, especially under the lead of Muhammad Kudarat. ... in Davao City on the southern island of Mindanao. It consists of three provinces (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga del Sur) including four cities (Dapitan, Dipolog, Isabela, Pagadian), and the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga City. Introduction. For the geographical region, see, National Economic and Development Authority, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, "Presidential Decree No. National Economic and Development Authority Regional Director Arturo Valero stated that “even if Zamboanga City is not the regional center, the city will still grow” and that the city should better focus on being a commercial and industrial center.[12]. The lowland areas are the Davao Piedmont, Compostela Basin and the areas… Dipolog City is home to a number of Bottled Sardines Companies which are being exported abroad. In 2001, Zamboanga Sibugay, was created from the province of Zamboanga del Sur with Ipil as the seat of government with the virtue of Republic Act No. 8973. The region is located on the eponymous Western Mindanao of the island of Mindanao, that lies between the Moro Gulf (part of the Celebes Sea) and the Sulu Sea. [citation needed] It is also known for the old St. James Parish and the beach resort of Dakak. 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