The twin gatehouse towers were also partially demolished to form semicircular or 'half moon' batteries with reinforced platforms to support cannon. Queen Elizabeth made an order that the Governor of Carrickfergus Castle must always be an Englishman. Lord Donegall built a fine mansion on the site of another monastery which was suppressed in the year 1610. from Normandy build over 100 castles all over the country. After 1228, Hugh de Lacy again found favour with the Crown and was reinstated as Earl of Ulster, once more gaining residency of the castle until his death in 1242. The North Gate is still a picturesque memorial of the old days, but we hope the ancient structure may not fulfil the tradition which says: "The North Gate will stand until a wise man becomes a member of the Corporation." As warfare (and logistics) evolved pillaging the countryside became less and less common, so there's less of a need to live right next to a military installation (and doing so may actually make you more likely to be caught up in collateral). A stately ceremony was kept up until 1739, in which public proclamations were read at each gate, beginning at the castle. The present building was erected by De Courci about the year 1178. A moat safeguarded the landward side, a deep trench and drawbridge the outer side. He made his escape, but returned some time after and was again taken prisoner, when all his vast estates were confiscated. Mrs Nicholson’s recollections of her tour among the peasantry are still revealing and gripping today. It is round the Castle that ancient history lingers. A curious custom prevailed among them, that married women never took their husband's name, but retained their own maiden name. Its long and extraordinary military history has fascinated for as long … De Lacy fled the castle before the arrival of John, and the castle came under the control of a constable. It is five storeys high and the lower part is used as a magazine. It appears first in the official English records in 1210 when King Johnlaid siege to it and took control of what was then Ulster's premier strategic garrison. I always find it fascinating when people build land. De Lacy finished the construction of the castle, building the gatehouse, drum towers and outer ward. Thank you. The castle is licensed for civil wedding ceremonies to a maximum of 50 guests and it also possible to hire the castle for private events such as children's parties in the dungeons. For more than 800 years, Carrickfergus Castle has been an imposing monument on the Northern Ireland landscape whether approached by land, sea or air. There is a figure of Sir Arthur Moyle on his knees, without any hands, as he lost both hands in Spain when fighting against the Moors. A woman stole a purse with fifty shillings and she was executed, but a man who beat a woman with a stick until she died, was found "not guilty." His account of the journey provides invaluable eyewitness testimony to the trauma and tragedy that many emigrants had to face en route to their new lives in Canada and America. While the concept of ditches, ramparts, and stone walls as defensive measures is ancient, raising a motte is a medieval innovation. Carrickfergus Castle Address: Marine Hwy, Carrickfergus BT38 7BG, United Kingdom, BT38 7BG, Belfast Carrickfergus Castle Contact Number: +44-2893351273 Carrickfergus Castle … A recent resolution was passed which proves that wise men have now a majority on the Corporation, for they have decided to restore the North Gate. It had a Mayor and Guild borough. The first castle was built by John de Courcy in the years after 1177, following the occupation of Ireland by the Anglo Normans. The oldest records tell us that an Irish King, Feargus, built the first castle to defend his property three hundred and twenty years before Christ. Such "skolds" were to be drawn at "sterne of boate from Peare round the Castell," and afterwards exposed in a cage which stood on the quay. The Keep and the buldings look so much like the ones in Stronghold 2 :o. Between 1203 and 1205, De Courcy was ousted from Ulster by another Anglo-Norman knight, Hugh De Lacy. Carrickfergus Castle, County Antrim. The gaol and courthouse figure largely in history. The author returned to Ireland in 1847–49 to help with famine relief and recorded those experiences in the rather harrowing: Annals of the Famine in Ireland is Asenath Nicholson's sequel to Ireland's Welcome to the Stranger. In 1217 the new constable, De Serlane, was assigned one hundred pounds to build a new curtain wall so that the approach along the rock could be protected, as well as the eastern approaches over the sand exposed at low tide. In phase 3, is that an expansion/ reclamation of the land under the castle? Hotels near Carrickfergus Castle: (0.16 km) Dobbins Inn Hotel (0.16 km) Essex court (0.26 km) Premier Inn Carrickfergus hotel (0.42 km) The Keep Guesthouse (0.38 km) Walter's Place; View all hotels near Carrickfergus Castle on Tripadvisor The scolding stone was still on the quay until a few years ago. With the arrival of World War I, the castle was turned into a military garrison. It is open for public visitors. Facts about Carrickfergus Castle 10: the view of Carrickfergus Castle. St. Nicholas' Church is built upon the site of a Franciscan monastery. It is one of the few castles that was actively used for military purposes all the way into the 20th century. Extensive modifications were carried out in the inner and outer wards by piercing gun ports into the curtain walls. It was probably during this period that a more ambitious extension was added to the castle, in such a way that it now occupied the whole of Fergus's Rock. The striking Norman architecture of Carrickfergus Castle can be found on the shore of Belfast Lough. We must not linger on the Castle, but touch lightly on the Church. Truth and fiction are so interwoven in any place of such antiquity that the task of sifting the facts is not an easy one. For that reason, it conveys the reality of the calamity in a much more telling way. The very name carries us away back into the twilight of Irish history. Thanks for the information, it was an interesting read on a castle I had never heard of! The original main gate of the castle is shown and this is still visible today, albeit blocked up. Rumour makes many statements about our patron saint, but in any case St. Patrick's well still exists. Carrickfergus Castle was built somewhere between 1177 and 1195 by … I grew up less than two miles away from this castle, it wasn't until I left Ireland that I realised how much I took that for granted. The core structure of the castle dates to construction in the 13th century by the O'Brien family. Appreciate whoever made this. Besieged in turn by the Scots, Irish, English and French, the Castle saw action right up to World War II. The country then was alive with game, hare, wild deer and wolf. James I. entered the town by a drawbridge. The castle seen over 800 years of military occupation, the castle was besieged in turn by the Scots, Irish, English and French and it continued to play a central part in a military role until 1928, today it is maintained by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency. This is also the place where Schomberg’s leader, King William III first set foot in Ireland on June 14, 1690. This type of construction is currently being considered by the DoE to replace the current leaking 19th century roof. I wish there were enough of them to fill their own subreddit. The former chapel was relocated within one of the gatehouse towers and either the hall was considered redundant or similarly relocated within the outer ward, as were the stables and soldiers quarters. He was a Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1176 and constructed the castle as his headquarters. Looking at the quiet old town to-day one can scarcely believe that it was once a place of the greatest importance, and the centre of such stirring times, when Belfast was only a small village. In the year 1775, a great storm swept over Carrickfergus, which was accompanied with most violent thunder. Castles: William had new, loyal nobles. Long before then, a nunnery had been established at Glynn by Darerca, St. Patrick's sister. There is a subterranean passage under the altar which once led to the ancient monastery, and it can still be traced. These improvements did not prevent the castle from being attacked and captured on many occasions during this time. By the mid 16th century, battle technology had developed to the extent that the castle would have been unprepared for an attack involving artillery. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, [r/castles] The evolution of Carrickfergus Castle, Northern Ireland [GIF]. A striking feature of the landscape from land, sea and air, Carrickfergus Castle greets all visitors with its strength and menace. His body was found and buried in the adjacent abbey of Monkstown. Rome2rio makes travelling from Belfast to Carrickfergus Castle easy. A curious relic of the old times remained until the nineteenth century. A famous priory at Woodburn was called "The Palace" in the year 1326. O'Hagan's head was there so long than an eagle picked the eyes out, and a wren built its nest inside the empty skull, a strange home in which to bring up its family. They were built extremely quickly, some in just eight days! The castle now houses historical displays as well as cannons from the 17th to the 19th centuries. It represents over 800 years of military might. Cairns, raths and ancient remains abound all round Carrickfergus, which will well repay a visit. As I understand it, it's also an evolution of culture. History Built in 1177 by John de Courcy, Carrickfergus Castle was used as his headquarters until 1204. Castles generally took two to 10 years to build. The Irish quarter was once called the west suburb. From that time until a hundred years ago, Carrickfergus suffered almost constant invasion, plunder, bloodshed and burning. It was a ghastly custom to spike the heads of the enemies over the gateway, and to allow the blackened heads to be exhibited in such cruel fashion. In the 1800s, the castle became a military prison and then an armory. A tour of Carrickfergus Castle, Northern Ireland. The town has a Scotch quarter where the Scotch fishermen lived. John besieged the castle and eventually captured it, bringing it under full Crown control. The modern building in the center is absolutely jarring. It is the largest Norman Castle in Northern Ireland. Awesome post! https://i.ytimg.com/vi/3CbxQlt7Z5o/maxresdefault.jpg. Castle construction was an expensive undertaking; King Edward I nearly bankrupted the royal treasuries by spending about 100,000 pounds on his castles in Wales. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. John de Courcy, the Anglo-Norman baron who conquered much of Ulster, started building it about 1178 and it remained fully garrisoned for 750 years until 1928. Carrickfergus Castle lies on the seafront in the town by the same name, in County Antrim, in Northern Ireland. They must have been poor specimens of men if they were not worth more than three cows or five shillings worth of a bridle. Carrickfergus Castle is Norman castle in Carrickfergus, County Antrim in Northern Ireland. The original charter of the Guild of Carrickfergus is still kept in the Town Hall along with the freeman's roll, the records, and the sword and mace. The keep is ninety feet high with walls nine feet thick. On the third storey, a room is still named "Fergus' Dining-room"; it is forty feet long, thirty-eight wide and twenty-six feet high, and is a noble apartment. The English governor, Sir John Chichester led his army out to meet them. The first wall was built round the city inside a month. Carrickfergus Castle first appears in the official English records in 1210 when the notorious King John laid siege to and took control of Ulster’s premier strategic garrison. One tower is still known as the "Lion's Den," with vaults underneath. The motte-and-bailey castle was a true European innovation. The first castle was built by John de Courcy in the years after 1177, following the occupation of Ireland by the Anglo Normans. We know enough, however, from reliable sources to form a fair idea of the story of one of the oldest towns in Ireland, and many ancient remains of former greatness are still seen which confirm the tale. From its strategic position on a rocky promontory, originally almost surrounded by sea, the castle commanded C… The gaol and courthouse now stand upon part of the ground which formerly belonged to the noble house of Joymount. Castles, Châteaux, and Fortresses - Content concerning historic fortifications and palaces. The Carrickfergus Castle was built on many stages throughout the years The Castle was firstly built in 1177 by Sir John de Courcy. An old signboard used to hang out over a doorway inscribed with this quaint legend. Access the answers to hundreds of Castle questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. If you are interested to know more about Carrickfergus Castle, you can go directly to the castle. It was eighteen feet high, six feet thick and had seven bastions. Find all the transport options for your trip from Belfast to Carrickfergus Castle right here. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. It is the only existing edifice in the kingdom which exhibits the old Norman military stronghold, and it is justly considered one of the noblest fortresses of that time now left in Ireland. There were four gates—The Glenarm or Spittal Gate—now the North Gate, the Woodburn or West Gate, the Water Gate and the Finey Gate which had battlements on the top. Standing on a rocky spur on the northern shore of Belfast Lough, Carrickfergus Castle dominates all approaches to the town. Hotels near Carrickfergus Castle: (0.10 mi) Dobbins Inn Hotel (0.10 mi) Essex court (0.16 mi) Premier Inn Carrickfergus hotel (0.27 mi) The Keep Guesthouse (0.24 mi) Walter's Place; View all hotels near Carrickfergus Castle on Tripadvisor The castle was further defended by a ditch cut into the rock, effectively making it an island. The ancient custom is still kept up, and the Mayor of the town is sworn into office in the Castle yard. The sinner who used the "cudgill" was lightly punished, but then it was only a woman—not three cows. This would have been like a small village with tradesmen, blacksmiths and a market area. In 1205 John de Courcy was ejected by another Anglo Norman knight - Hugh de Lacy who, like his predecessor, antagonised King John to the point that he came to Carrickfergus himself to deal with the castle. Castle. Carrickfergus Castle is perfectly and statistically situated on the north shore of Belfast Lough in the picturesque historical town of Carrickfergus, County Antrim. He had sacked forty monasteries, and sent the monks out to beg their bread, homeless and penniless. It is likely that a timber pallisade surrounded the remaining part of Fergus's Rock and enclosed a civilian population depending on the castle for security. There was more charity shown to the poor in Carrickfergus than in any other place in Ireland. After the great war ended, Carrickfergus Castle was transferred from the War Department to the Ministry of Finance in 1928 so it … There are some very old painted windows and one transept is filled with monuments of the Donegall family, curious kneeling figures, and the old banners hung from the roof until quite recently. Marshal Schomberg besieged and took the castle in the week-long Siege of Carrickfergus in 1689. A man in Belfast stole a piece of iron worth two shillings, a mantle worth six shillings, and a "chizell" worth eightpence, and he was executed. Carrickfergus Castle (from the Irish Carraig Ḟergus or "cairn of Fergus", the name "Fergus" meaning "strong man") is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland, situated in the town of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. This formed what is called the outer ward and boasted a substantial twin towered gatehouse at the extreme northern end of the rock. There was a grand hunting hill above the city. Someone has linked to this thread from another place on reddit: [r/irelandonreddit] [r/castles] The evolution of Carrickfergus Castle, Northern Ireland [GIF], If you follow any of the above links, please respect the rules of reddit and don't vote in the other threads. An American widow’s account of her travels in Ireland in 1844–45 on the eve of the Great Famine: Sailing from New York, she set out to determine the condition of the Irish poor and discover why so many were emigrating to her home country. Her account is not a history of the famine, but personal eyewitness testimony to the suffering it caused. Additional fortifications were added in the form of an extension to the original curtain wall, creating another ward and helping to defend the original entrance into the inner ward. Following its capture, constables were appointed to command the castle and the surrounding area. It was a position more renowned for honour than wealth, for the salary was only £40 a year. If you come here, you can find out the life of the medieval era for it has various exhibits. It's likely that the original 13th century roof (perhaps constructed of leaded sheets) needed to be replaced at this time and was given a double-ridged slated version, supported internally by a newly constructed arch, visible in the upper floor of the keep. The Story of Belfast and Its Surroundings, The Ocean Plague: or, A Voyage to Quebec in an Irish Emigrant Vessel. It was in the thirteenth century that Carrickfergus was a walled city. References This page was last changed on 18 June 2018, at 08:01. It was built at the extreme southern end of a rocky peninsula known as Fergus's Rock, hence the name Carrickfergus. The Ocean Plague: or, A Voyage to Quebec in an Irish Emigrant Vessel is based upon the diary of Robert Whyte who, in 1847, crossed the Atlantic from Dublin to Quebec in an Irish emigrant ship. Another story tells that the same rock was called Carraig-na-Fairge, rock of the sea, from which it is more probable the name Carrickfergus was derived. 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